14-15 November 2018
|European Case Law Identifier:||ECLI:EP:BA:2007:T130805.20071010|
|Date of decision:||10 October 2007|
|Case number:||T 1308/05|
|IPC class:||B21C 37/29|
|Language of proceedings:||EN|
|Download and more information:||
|Title of application:||Method and apparatus for making a branch collar in a pipe|
|Applicant name:||EFES TEX AG|
|Opponent name:||Witzig & Franck GmbH|
|Relevant legal provisions:||
|Keywords:||Admissibility of amendments - yes
Novelty and inventive step - yes
Summary of Facts and Submissions
I. The mention of grant of European patent No. 1 332 807 in respect of European patent application No. 01660232.8 filed on 4 February 2002 was published on 28 January 2004.
II. Notice of opposition was filed against this patent with a request for revocation based on the grounds of Article 100 (a) EPC.
By decision posted on 12 August 2005, the Opposition Division revoked the European patent since the subject-matter of independent claim 1 was not novel and the subject-matter of independent claim 3 lacked an inventive step. During the opposition proceedings the following documents were filed
by the Opponent:
D1: US-A-5 515 710
D2: JP-A-62 292 219
D3: JP-A-01 254 317
E1: König + Klöcke 1995, VDI, pages 73 and 74
E2: Oehler/Kaiser 2001/1973, pages 276 to 283
E3: Prior use Witzig & Frank 2000/2001
Offer of 14.07.2000, cover page, pages 1 and 7 and
drawing STATION 3, W 99 0213 - D20
"Eidesstattliche Versicherung" by Mr. Frank Baumbusch of 19.01.2004
Zeitplan of 13.11.2003, pages 1, 2
Photo of participants of meeting on 26./27.04.2001
Meeting folder pages 1, 2, 43 to 45 and page 6 of photo series TURMAT 26
by the Patentee:
Annex 1: Non-disclosure Agreement between T-Collar O and Franz Viegener II GmbH & Co. KG of 11.10.2000
Annex 2: Affidavit of Mr. Christer Långstedt of 09.12.2003
III. Notice of appeal was filed against this decision by the Appellant (Patentee) on 7 October 2006 together with payment of the appeal fee. With the grounds of appeal, received at the EPO on 9 December 2005, the Appellant filed an auxiliary request.
IV. In a communication dated 7 May 2007 accompanying the summons to oral proceedings, the Board expressed the view that the Opposition Division's conclusion in respect of novelty and inventive step, also in respect of the alleged public prior use, appeared to be correct. It was also stated that the subject-matter claimed in the auxiliary request appeared to be novel, and that inventive step would have to be discussed during oral proceedings.
V. With letter dated 19 June 2007, the Appellant withdrew its request for oral proceedings and submitted that the Respondent (Opponent) would agree to the maintenance of the patent on the basis of the auxiliary request.
VI. Following a communication of the Board dated 25 June 2007, the parties specified their requests.
With letter dated 2 July 2007, the Appellant withdrew its main request (maintenance of the patent as granted) and requested maintenance of the patent according to the auxiliary request. Retyped claims 1 to 3 together with an adapted page 2 of the patent specification were filed.
With letter dated 25 July 2007, the Respondent withdrew its requests for revocation of the patent and for oral proceedings. Agreement was submitted to the maintenance of the patent according to the Appellant's auxiliary request filed together with the grounds of appeal.
Independent claims 1 and 2 read as follows:
"1. A method for bending the rims of a pipe hole for a hole-enclosing collar or neck by using a forming die (3), which is movable radially relative to the pipe and which is displaced from inside the pipe outwards for shaping the collar, the rectification of a collar produced by the forming die (3) in terms of its roundness and/or diametrical sizes being effected by means of a calibration mandrel (11) movable from outside the pipe inwards, which is pressed by means of an external drive unit into the collar produced by the forming die (3), the calibration mandrel (11) stretching the collar to comply with its own size, wherein upon its penetration into the neck, the calibration mandrel (11) pushes the forming die back to its initial position for a new collaring operation,
characterized in that the forming die (3) is used to produce a collar diameter larger than a desired final size in the lengthwise direction and a collar diameter smaller than a desired final size in the crosswise direction of a pipe, and that the dimensioning of the collar diameters is rectified by a crosswise measurement of the calibration mandrel (11), wherein the calibration mandrel (11) has a diameter which is larger in a transverse direction (D2) than in a lengthwise direction (D1).
2. A collaring apparatus for bending the rims of a hole for a hole-enclosing collar or neck, said apparatus comprising a body element (1) insertable inside a pipe to be collared and a forming die (3) adapted for substantially radial movement relative to the pipe and having an outer diameter which is substantially equal to the desired inner diameter for the collar, a hole or recess (9) present in the body element (1), which is dimensioned to receive the forming die (3), said forming die (3) being operable under the guidance of said hole or recess (9), as well as elements (2, 4, 5, 14) engageable with a drive unit for displacing the forming die (3) from inside the pipe outwards, the hole or recess (9) having its center line aligned with a calibration mandrel (11) movable co directionally therewith, which is pressable by means of an external drive unit from outside the pipe inwards into a collar produced by the forming die (3), the calibration mandrel (11) in use stretching the collar to comply with its own size and, upon its penetration into the collar, the calibration mandrel (11) pushing the forming die (3) back to its initial position for a new collaring operation,
characterized in that the forming die (3) is dimensioned to produce a collar diameter (D1) larger than a desired final size in the lengthwise direction and a collar diameter (D2) smaller than a desired final size in the crosswise direction of a pipe, the calibration mandrel having a diameter which is larger in a transverse direction (D2) than in a lengthwise direction (D1) of the pipe whereby this crosswise diameter disparity rectifies the final size as desired."
Reasons for the Decision
1. The appeal is admissible.
New claim 1 was amended by incorporating the subject-matter of dependent claim 2. New claim 2 is a combination of the subject-matter of granted claim 3 with that of granted dependent claims 5 and 7. The description was adapted to the new numbering of the claims. These amendments are allowable under Article 123(2) and (3) EPC.
The public prior use proven by E3 is no longer contested. E3 discloses a method and an apparatus according to the precharacterizing portions of claims 1 and 2. E3 does not disclose the features of characterizing portions of these claims according to which the forming die (3) is dimensioned to produce a collar diameter (D1) larger than a desired final size in the lengthwise direction and a collar diameter (D2) smaller than a desired final size in the crosswise direction of a pipe, the calibration mandrel having a diameter which is larger in a transverse direction (D2) than in a lengthwise direction (D1). Since the further prior art documents also do not show these features, the subject matter of claim 1 and 2 meets the requirement of novelty (Article 54(1) EPC).
4. Inventive step
4.1 The closest prior art is represented by E3. Starting from this known method and apparatus the problem underlying the invention is the provision of a method and an apparatus which can be used for correcting the roundness and diametrical dimensions of a neck or collar formed by a collaring device according to E3. This technical problem is solved by the subject-matter of claims 1 and 2, in particular by calibrating the initially formed hole with a conical, oval calibration mandrel.
4.2 Since the forming dies and the calibration mandrels used in E3 and the other prior art documents have a circular cross-section, they cannot provide an indication of the claimed solution according to which they have an elliptical cross section.
4.3 Although the skilled person generally would recognize the problem of a spring-back action after a forming operation, the specific problem of a different spring-back action of the collar in the lengthwise and cross directions where pipe holes are concerned has no antecedent in the prior art. Also no hint or motivation leading to the claimed solution of the problem is derivable from the prior art. Therefore the skilled person in the technical field concerned is not led to the subject-matter claimed in an obvious manner. Hence the method of claim 1 and the apparatus of claim 2 involve an inventive step (Article 56 EPC).
5. The Board is satisfied that, by the amendments made to the description during the appeal proceedings, it has been properly adapted to the final claims.
For these reasons it is decided that:
1. The decision under appeal is set aside.
2. The case is remitted to the department of first instance with the order to maintain the patent on the basis of the following documents:
Claims 1 to 3 as filed on 19 June 2007, description columns 1 and 2 as filed on 5 October 2007 and column 3 as granted together with figures 1 to 5 as granted.