Intellectual property (IP) rights aim to stimulate innovation, by enabling inventors to appropriate the returns on their investments. IP also plays an important role in the creation, dissemination and use of new knowledge for further innovation, as contained for example in the inventions disclosed in patent documents.
The changing landscape of innovation, the globalisation of markets and the fragmentation of production value chains, as well as the emergence of new players - including a progressive geopolitical shift from West to East -, are changing the way market actors use IP rights and policy-makers understand IP rights and their role. The context in which IP currently operates is very different from the one in which IP rights were conceived, and IP systems are undergoing continuous changes as they seek to optimise the balance between private and social benefits, to contribute to economic growth and the welfare of societies.
To meet these challenges, policy-makers need to rely on analyses based on accurate measures of innovative activity, and of its key actors, drivers, dynamics and enabling conditions.
Griliches1 wrote in 1990: "We have, in fact, almost no good measures on any of this". ... "In this desert of data, patent statistics loom up as a mirage of wonderful plentitude and objectivity. They are available; they are by definition related to inventiveness, and they are based on what appears to be an objective and only slowly changing standard." They are "interesting in spite of all the difficulties that arise in their use and interpretation".
A quarter of a century later, a growing number of researchers recognise that patents and, more broadly, intellectual property data remain a precious and somewhat unique source of information, enabling a wide range of policy-relevant analyses related to science and technology, R&D and innovation, entrepreneurship and enterprise dynamics, competitiveness, global value chains, development and economic growth.
Also, this year marks an important extension in the breadth of this conference, as its focus is broadened as to encompass the whole spectrum of IP rights, and not only patents.
For the first time, and to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Japan's OECD membership, the IP Statistics for Decision Makers conference (IPSDM) is moving to Asia and will take place in Tokyo.
As with previous gatherings, the goal of the 2014 IPSDM conference is to present the latest empirical evidence based on IP statistics and to discuss these findings with decision-makers from both the private and public sectors. The conference also aims to share cutting-edge knowledge on topics relevant to policy-makers, academics, companies and practitioners, including:
The conference will feature presentations by the members of the 2014 IPSDM Scientific Committee, including: