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EPA Summary Report Africa 2013

9 In order to have a correct understanding of the policies and the legal framework, the actual patenting landscape and the role of patents in the transfer of CETs have to be disentangled from ideology, theory and speculation. Drawn from the EPO’s public PATSTAT database, the data collected is for Africa as a whole or, in some cases, disaggregated at a regional level. In addition to the existing inventory of climate change mitigation technologies, a new set of adaptation technologies which could help the continent cope with climate change has been identified. Overall for the 1980 – 2009 period, 580 154 mitigation and 47 108 adaptation patent applications supply data on the country of the inventor(s), the country of the applicant (patentee) and the granting authority. In addition, applications can be used to analyse the patenting activity of African inventors abroad, or of foreign inventors in Africa. The main finding of this report is that less than 1% of identified CET-related patent applications have been filed in Africa, the majority thereof in South Africa, itself an identified “emerging economy”. Accordingly, there has been very little patenting activity in CET in the remaining African states, and patent rights are unlikely to be a major consideration in any decision to exploit CETs in these states. While Africa’s overall inventive activity is low, there is a relatively high level of inventive activity in the CET patenting patterns in Africa – a statistical analysis The non-labelled 1 % is for technologies related to efficient electricity generation, transmission and distribution. Counts of patents for each field from 1980 – 2009 (Africa only) 17 % Biofuels, waste, combustion, CCS 37 % Energy storage, hydrogen, fuel cells 20 % Nuclear energy 5 % CCS 6 % Biofuels 3 % Combustion 3 % Fuel from waste 1 % 25 % Renewable energy 1 % 17 % Biofuels, waste, combustion, CCS 3 % Marine & tidal 7 % Solar thermal 2 % Hydro conv. 1 % Geothermal 25 % Renewable energy 37 % Energy storage, hydrogen, fuel cells 20 % Nuclear energy 5 % Wind 7 % Solar PV

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