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Survey of licensing activities in selected fields of Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs)

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The survey is now closed. Thank you to everyone who took part. 

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the European Patent Office (EPO), and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) are collaborating in the production of a study that aims to enhance the understanding of the role that intellectual property plays in relation to the transfer, access and deployment of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs), starting with the energy generation sector.  

As part of this study, the project partners are working to conduct a survey that focuses on licensing practices in ESTs. We believe this analysis will provide useful input into the ongoing technology transfer discussions taking place in the context of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations.

For the purpose of this survey the term ESTs refers to those technologies that protect the environment; are less polluting; use resources in a more sustainable manner; recycle more of their wastes and products; or handle residual wastes in a more acceptable manner than the technologies they substitute. 1 

While representing only one piece of a wider set of conditions and components that determine the rate, composition and magnitude of technology transfer, intellectual property rights (IPRs) are of fundamental importance. Moreover, we have chosen in part to focus on licensing activities given that they represent a "real-life" manifestation of technology transfer activities.

We would like to emphasize that the results of this survey are not intended for any type of commercial use. Moreover, the responses collected in this survey will be kept confidential, and the identity and answers provided by any individual respondent will not be disclosed. Rather, all the results collected and analyzed in this survey will be presented at an aggregated level.

For the purpose of this study we have asked Dr. Meir Perez Pugatch, of the University of Haifa and Research Director of the Stockholm Network think-tank, to coordinate this survey and to analyze its results. Should the need arise, and with your permission, Dr. Pugatch may contact you directly via electronic mail or telephone to discuss survey inputs.


1. The above definition  is based on Chapter 34 of Agenda 21 of the UN Program on Sustainable Development

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