What inventions cannot be patented in Iran?

According to Article 4 of the Patents, Industrial Designs and Trademarks Registration Act, the following are excluded from the scope of protection:

  1. Discoveries, scientific theories, mathematical methods and works of art;
  2. Schemes, rules or methods for doing business, performing mental or social acts;
  3. Methods for treatment or diagnosis of human or animal diseases;
    This subsection does not include products falling within the scope of definition of the patent and those used in the said methods.
  4. Genetic resources and genetic components comprising the same, as well as biological processes for the production of the same.
  5. Anything that has been already anticipated in industries and techniques.
  6. Those inventions the commercial exploitation of which would be contrary to Sharia Rules, public order or morality.