If the above deficiencies under (i)-(iv) or (vi) are not rectified in time, the application is refused under Art. 90(5). If the deficiency under (v) is not rectified in time, the application is deemed to be withdrawn under Art. 14(2). According to Rule 135(2), further processing is excluded for all of the above losses of rights, which all arise from the failure to observe the time limit of Rule 58.
The following deficiencies are rectified under provisions other than Rule 58:
According to Rule 45(2), the period for remedying deficiencies with regard to the payment of claims fees under (vii) is one month from a communication pointing out their non-payment. Failure to correct this deficiency in time leads to the claims in question being deemed to be abandoned under Rule 45(3). Further processing applies to this loss of rights.
Deficiencies under (viii) are to be corrected within a period to be specified by the EPO from a communication according to Rule 59 pointing out the failure to supply the certified copy and/or the file number of the priority document. This period under Rule 59 cannot be less than two months or more than four months (Rule 132(2)). Failure to correct this deficiency in time leads to the loss of the priority right. Further processing is excluded for this loss of rights according to Rule 135(2).
Failure to pay the filing, additional or search fee on time results in the deemed withdrawal of the application according to Art. 78(2). This loss of rights ensues directly on expiry of the applicable time limit (see A-III, 13). A deficiency under (ix) can be corrected by requesting further processing.
Where appropriate, the Search Division is informed of any loss of rights.