Although in general a medical claim directed to tests carried out on "animals" should exclude from its scope the use of human beings as "test animals" (e.g. by means of a disclaimer), in some infrequent cases, a claim may, in the light of the description, be interpreted as exclusively relating to a clinical trial of an experimental medicament carried out on human beings. It is assumed that, unless there is evidence to the contrary, such trials are performed under strictly controlled conditions and with informed consent of the patient concerned. In such cases, no objection under Art. 53(a) should be raised (see however G‑II, 188.8.131.52).