W 0025/89 () of 16.3.1990

European Case Law Identifier: ECLI:EP:BA:1990:W002589.19900316
Date of decision: 16 March 1990
Case number: W 0025/89
Application number: -
IPC class: G01N 21/47
G01N 15/00
C12Q 1/18
C12M 1/34
Language of proceedings: EN
Download and more information:
Decision text in EN (PDF, 167 KB)
Bibliographic information is available in: EN
Versions: Unpublished
Title of application: Radiation/Microbe Bioassay
Applicant name: -
Opponent name: -
Board: 3.4.02
Headnote: -
Relevant legal provisions:
Patent Cooperation Treaty Art 17(3)(a)
Patent Cooperation Treaty R 40(2)(c)
Keywords: Protest not accompanied by a reasoned statement


Cited decisions:
Citing decisions:
W 0025/05
W 0016/08

Summary of Facts and Submissions

I. The applicant filed international patent application PCT/US.... at the United States Patent and Trade Mark Office.

II. The European Patent Office, as competent International Searching Authority (ISA) issued, pursuant to Article 17(3)(a) and Rule 40.1 PCT an invitation to pay one additional fee because it considered that the application did not comply with the requirement of unity of invention as set out in Rule 13.1 PCT.

III. The final paragraph of the ISA's observations accompanying the invitation summarised the invention as being that claimed in Claims 1 to 30 and that claimed in Claims 31 and 32. These were considered to be two independent sets of claims solving two different problems and therefore constituted two separate inventions. The ISA also stated that in view of the prior art revealed by its search, independent Claims 1 and 14 were not new and in effect that as a result the dependent claims lack unity. Nevertheless, possibly in application of the Guidelines for International Search to be carried out under the PCT, Chapter VII.12, most of these dependent claims would seem to have been covered by the search. The exceptions are Claims 11, 12, 25 and 26 which however the ISA grouped with Claims 31 and 32.

IV. Within the prescribed time limit the applicant paid the additional fee and submitted a response to the invitation, the tenor of which was that the additional fee was being paid under protest. The applicant explained why he considered that Claim 30 related to the same invention as Claims 1 to 13. He also argued that since Claims 31 and 32 relate respectively to a composition and to a method of making it, these claims are not distinct.

Reasons for the Decision

1. Pursuant to Rule 40.2(c) PCT and Article 154(3) EPC the Boards of Appeal of the EPO are responsible for deciding on protests made by an applicant against an additional fee charged by the EPO acting as ISA under the provisions of Article 17(3)(a) PCT.

2. In accordance with Article 17(3)(a) PCT, the ISA shall establish the international search report on those parts of the international application which relate to the additional inventions, provided that the corresponding fees have been paid with the prescribed time limit. In the present case a time limit of 45 days from the date of mailing of the invitation was set by the EPO, which is consistent with the provisions of Rule 40.3 PCT.

3. Rule 40.2(c) PCT offers the applicant the possibility to pay the additional fees under protest, "that is, accompanied by a reasoned statement to the effect...that the amount of the required additional fee is excessive". Consequently, if the applicant wishes to pay the additional fees under protest, these fees must be accompanied by such reasoned statement. Since, according to Article 17(3)(a) and Rule 40.3 PCT, these fees have to be paid within a specified time limit, it is also clear that the protest must be made within the same time limit, (see decision W 4/87; OJ EPO 1988, 425).

4. The fee in respect of the additional invention was paid in time. According to Article 17(3)(a) PCT, the ISA is therefore obliged to establish the international search report on those parts of the international application which relate to the additional invention. However although the corresponding communication from the applicant, to the effect that the additional fee was being paid under protest, was also received in due time, it cannot be said to contain anything which could be interpreted as being a reasoned statement as to why the applicant considers that the ISA was wrong in finding that Claims 31 and 32 related to a different invention from that claimed in Claims 1 to 30. The communication refers to Claim 30, but no additional fee was required in respect of this claim. As regards Claims 31 and 32 the communication only explains why, in the opinion of the applicant, these relate to the same invention as each other. Accordingly the applicant's protest under Rule 40.2(c) has to be dismissed as inadmissible.

5. In these circumstances, the additional fee paid by the applicant shall not be refunded.


For these reasons, it is decided that:

The protest under Rule 40.2(c) PCT is dismissed as inadmissible.

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