​​Patricia de Rango, Daniel Fruchart, Albin Chaise, Michel Jehan, Nataliya Skryabina​

​​A safe and sustainable way to store hydrogen​ 

Technical field
Materials, metallurgy
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
​​Patricia de Rango, Daniel Fruchart, Albin Chaise, Michel Jehan and Nataliya Skryabina​ combined their expertise and interests to develop a method to store hydrogen more safely and sustainably with less energy.
Green hydrogen is becoming a popular alternative as governments and industries try to move away from fossil fuels. However, for hydrogen to be considered green, it needs to be produced with renewable resources and low-carbon emission technology. Hydrogen takes up more space than fossil fuels and, as a gas, requires immense energy to compress, store and release at 700 bars of pressure. Similarly, it is energy intensive to cool hydrogen to -253°C and store it in a liquid form. These factors make it difficult to safely transport and store hydrogen.

The team’s ground-breaking method uses magnesium hydride mixed with metal additives and graphite to compress hydrogen into solid discs for easy storage in specially designed tanks. To store and release hydrogen requires less energy than other methods, and the hydrogen is also released from the tanks at relatively low pressure – around two bars. The discs are stable when handled and do not ignite when exposed to fire. Crucially, they do not lose hydrogen over time and can be stored for long periods, making green hydrogen more accessible as the world combats climate change.

Team effort

De Rango not only designed the disc storage tanks but also analysed the tanks' development processes and the structural and magnetic characterisation of the chemical compounds involved. Chaise introduced the mixture and compact processes and studied the discs’ thermal and fluidic properties to validate their performance. Fruchart researched magnesium hydride, the atomic structure of which would store the hydrogen. Magnesium is recyclable, making the hydride more sustainable. Skryabina led research into hydrogen’s reactions with other materials and magnesium hydride's basic physical and chemical properties. And so, after developing an interest in hydrogen storage, Fruchart contacted Jehan. Jehan’s company at the time, Metal Composite Powder (MCP) Technologies, developed the industrial technology needed to produce a greater amount of magnesium hydride.

Early research was conducted at CNRS, which applied for the initial European patents. The technology was transferred to partners McPhy and, later, JOMI-LEMAN to scale up and commercialise the product. Skryabina emphasised the role of teamwork in this industry-academia collaboration: "I think our team is like a musical orchestra. Everyone is like some special instrument. We can play ourselves, but it is not exactly music, only a small part of it."

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