T 1402/13 (Conditional withdrawal of appeal where renewal fee has not been paid … of 25.2.2016

European Case Law Identifier: ECLI:EP:BA:2016:T140213.20160225
Date of decision: 25 February 2016
Case number: T 1402/13
Application number: 04782625.0
IPC class: C25D 3/56
C25D 3/22
H05K 3/38
C23C 22/40
Language of proceedings: EN
Distribution: C
Download and more information:
Decision text in EN (PDF, 236 KB)
Documentation of the appeal procedure can be found in the Register
Bibliographic information is available in: EN
Versions: Unpublished | Unpublished v2
Applicant name: GBC Metals, LLC
Opponent name: -
Board: 3.3.05
Headnote: -
Relevant legal provisions:
European Patent Convention Art 108
European Patent Convention R 103(1)(b)
European Patent Convention R 103(2)
European Patent Convention Art 110
European Patent Convention Art 86(1)
Keywords: Appeal decision - withdrawal of appeal
Loss of rights - non-payment of the renewal fee
Reimbursement of appeal fee - withdrawal of appeal

1. Whereas a conditional appeal is not possible, the conditional withdrawal of an appeal may be valid.

2. If a loss of rights due to the non-payment of a renewal fee has occurred and has not been remedied, a withdrawal of the appeal can neither be effective nor lead to a (partial) reimbursement of the appeal fee.

Cited decisions:
J 0016/94
T 0006/92
T 0304/99
T 0502/02
T 0854/02
Citing decisions:
J 0023/14
J 0007/16
T 0097/18
T 1485/19

Summary of Facts and Submissions

I. The appeal lies against the decision of the Examining Division dated 17 December 2012. It was filed on 13 February 2013. A statement of grounds was submitted on 24 April 2013.

II. The renewal fee for the 12**(th) year fell due on 31 August 2015 and was not paid by that date.

III. On 18 February 2016 the Appellant submitted a declaration stating: "The Appellant ... hereby withdraws their Appeal against the decision of the Examining Division upon the condition that the withdrawal is received in time to qualify for at least a 50 % refund of the appeal fee."

IV. The Board has neither issued a preliminary opinion nor set a date for oral proceedings.

Reasons for the Decision

1. Procedural declarations may be made with the proviso that certain conditions are met, as long as a case is already pending (J 16/94, referring to Article 108, first sentence, and Rule 64(b) EPC 1973; T 854/02, Reasons 2.1) and these conditions do not concern facts outside the proceedings (T 502/02, Reasons 1, referring to Articles 21 and 111(1), second sentence, EPC). Thus, whereas a conditional appeal is not possible, the conditional withdrawal of an appeal may be valid (T 6/92, Reasons 2 and 3; T 304/99, Reasons 3.1.).

2. The withdrawal of an appeal can, though, only take effect if the appeal ist still pending.

3. This is not the case here. Since the renewal fee for the 12**(th) year was not paid in due time, the application is deemed to be withdrawn in accordance with Article 86(1), 3rd sentence, EPC. Such a loss of rights also affects the appeal proceedings. The fact that the Appellant might still reverse the loss of rights by paying the renewal fee plus an additional fee (50 % of the renewal fee) within 6 months after the due date, does not change the current situation, since no such fees have been received by the Office. Thus, at present the application is no longer pending and hence the appeal proceedings have also ended due to the loss of rights. Therefore, the declaration regarding the withdrawal of the appeal cannot be effective.

4. In consequence, the prerequisites of Rule 103(2) EPC are not met. Thus, no reimbursement of the appeal fee or parts of it is possible for as long as the renewal fee plus the additional fee have not been paid.


For these reasons it is decided that:

The request for a (partial) reimbursement of the appeal fee, dated 18 February 2016, is refused.

Quick Navigation