Relationship between witness and party 

The EPC does not preclude the parties to the proceedings from offering their employees (see e.g. T 482/89, OJ 1992, 646; T 124/88, T 830/90, OJ 1994, 713; T 443/93, T 937/93, T 505/15 on assessing credibility in view of a bonus element in an employee's remuneration, and T 523/14 on written statements) or clients (T 575/94) as witnesses. See also T 327/91 (general manager of one party), T 558/95, T 64/13 cited in this chapter III.G.2.3. concerning statements in writing, and T 508/00 in chapter III.G.3.2. on when evidence should be submitted. The credibility of witnesses cannot be impugned merely because they had a business relationship with a party (J 10/04, referring to several other decisions). The allegation that a witness might be biased does not itself render the testimony inadmissible; suspicion of bias is rather a matter to be considered during the evaluation of evidence. The parties must be given an opportunity to comment on the results of the witness hearing (T 838/92; on this point also T 582/90). In the context of an alleged oral disclosure (lecture), evidence from the lecturer and a member of the audience, provided by them in the form of both affidavits and oral testimony, was not considered by the board in T 2003/08 of 31 October 2012 to prove beyond reasonable doubt that the subject-matter of the claim was disclosed during the lecture; the board also observed that relations with the appellant-opponent's company could possibly have influenced their objectivity. In contrast to the opposition division the board considered it appropriate to hear the witnesses because their testimony could affect the outcome of the proceedings. The transcript of the witness hearing contained a point concerning their relationship to the appellant-opponent. In the end their oral testimony did not dispel the board's doubts as to the content of the lecture.

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