Current research projects

Research project grants 2019

The following four research projects were awarded funding in 2019.

Patents as a source of finance to mitigate financing constraints

The purpose of this project is to collect data on patents that were used as collateral in loan negotiations in four countries (Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg) where it is mandatory to report to the local patent authority if intellectual property rights have been pledged. In addition, it is proposed to conduct an economic analysis of pledged patents in order to shed some light on 1. how frequently are patents used as collateral, 2. which patents are used as collateral, 3. which type of firms pledge patents, 4. whether we can use pledged patents to estimate their value through firms’ debt levels, and 5. whether patent–pledging is effective in mitigating financing constraints of corresponding firms significantly.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Dirk Czarnitzki

KU Leuven, BE

The role of patents in technology transfer, commercialisation, and/or investment decisions

From patents to trademarks: towards a concordance map

The aim of this project is to link patent to trademark data by mapping patent classes (IPC codes) to trademark classes (Nice codes and the keywords in the detailed goods and services descriptors). The main scientific objective of this project is threefold: 1. to develop a concordance map between patent and trademark classes, 2. to validate it extensively using complementary data sources and alternative techniques, and 3. to illustrate its use for cleantech patents. By focusing on classification systems, we aim at capturing the qualities of technological and market specialisation patterns. In this respect, the envisioned concordance map would allow to tackle three types of research questions.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Carolina Castaldi

Utrecht University, NL

Advanced use of PATSTAT, patent searching, and analytics (e.g. classification, potential of IP linked open data

Understanding the business value of SMEs' patent portfolio:
an artificial intelligence-based approach

The project’s primary goal is to assess and forecast the commercial value of SMEs’ patents measuring the proximity between their portfolio and their business model. With the use of artificial intelligence methodologies, the project aims to: 1. identify the closeness of firms’ business model developments from their technological footprint (patents) 2. predict the success likelihood of a specific business model applied to a given patent and 3. suggest alternative business models more in line with the patent portfolio characteristics. The project relies on original and relatively rare data regarding company business models disclosed directly by SMEs extracted from funding applications, submitted during the period 2014 to 2019, to the Horizon 2020 SME Instrument (SMEi) programme.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Alberto Di Minin

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, IT

The role of patents in technology transfer, commercialisation, and/or investment decisions

The role of the interplay between science and invention networks in knowledge cohesion: evidence from European regions

The project aims to analyse international collaborations in science and inventive activity and investigate how the landscape of knowledge production in Europe has changed over the past 25 years. The aim is to analyse to what extent collaborations in science and collaborations in patents are related at regional level. These collaborations can be set up by researchers, universities and firms, and governments fund such collaborative initiatives (e.g., EU’s Framework Programmes). Thus, both academics and policymakers will benefit from knowing the impact of collaborations in research and patents. The project has four research questions: 1. do patent and research networks in Europe have similar dynamics?, 2. do patents have any impact on the formation and evolution of research networks?, 3. do the innovation performances of regions affect the formation and evolution of research networks?, and 4. do the innovation performances of regions affect the formation and evolution of patent networks?

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Semih Akçomak

Middle East Technical University, TR

Measuring the impact of patents on innovation

Research project grants 2020

The following four research projects were proposed in 2020.

Linking patents to scientific publications through in-text reference
mining

The project will create a public database linking patents to scientific publications, using a high-performing text mining method to extract patent in-text references. As a result, it will make it possible for researchers to analyse the impact of scientific research on industry innovation.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Jian Wang

Leiden University, NL

Advanced use of PATSTAT, patent searching, and analytics (e.g. classification, potential of IP linked open data

From research grants to innovation: estimating the Grant-Patent Nexus to improve the design of research funding

Using a unique dataset of grant applications to the Research Council of Norway across all academic fields, the project will track patented innovation linked to the research grants, and derive implications on how the design of research funding can be improved to increase its impact on innovation.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Marco Ottaviani

Bocconi University, IT

Role of IP in investment activities; Patents and the IP bundle; Advanced use of PATSTAT, patent searching, and analytics

Enabling distributed manufacturing through the patent system

The project will combine the analysis of patent data, legal documents and case studies to shed light on how distributed manufacturing in the EPC area interacts with the patent system in practice, how patents might be optimised to enable distributed manufacturing, and how the distributed manufacturing sector may best make use of patenting options available to it.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Angela Daly

University of Strathclyde, UK

Patents and disruptive technologies (AI, blockchain, 3D, etc.)

Government-sponsored research and technical standards:
Evidence from standard-essential patents

Using a novel dataset linking declared-SEPs to different sources of government contribution, this project will assess the importance of government-sponsored research for SEPs and its impact on the development of technical standards.

Lead applicant

University

Thematic area

Emilio Raiteri

Eindhoven University, NL

Role of IP in technology transfer, commercialisation, and/or investment activities

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