On an international level, the TRIPS Agreement sets out various enforcement procedures that right holders can rely on to protect their IP rights. In the EU, the Enforcement Directive sets out measures as well as remedies the courts may order in IP cases. However, the manner in which enforcement is carried out differs from country to country. This compilation of country profiles provides a comprehensive insight into national enforcement practices and procedures in the EPC contracting states. It complements the “Patent litigation in Europe” book.